Emancipation Proclamation becomes effective after being signed into law by President Lincoln in 1862, ending slavery and involuntary servitude in the U.S.
The 13th Amendment and its Exception Clause are added to the U.S. Constitution allowing for the continuation of involuntary servitude as punishment for crime.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is enacted in the wake of the Civil Rights Movement just four years before the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Article 1, Section 6 is amended to the California Constitution, legalizing the practice of involuntary servitude as a means of punishing crime in California.
Assembly Constitutional Amendment 3 seeks to remove involuntary servitude from the California Constitution Federal legislation is also introduced to end the Exception.